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  • 你知道如何正确的使用塑料托盘吗?
  • 本站编辑:杭州宏展塑料有限公司发布日期:2019-05-27 21:26 浏览次数:

托盘的正确使用应该做到包装组合码放在托盘上的货物并加上适当的捆扎和裹包,便于机械装卸和运输,从而满足装卸、运输和储存的要求。

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The correct use of pallets should make the goods packaged in combination codes on pallets and properly bundled and wrapped so as to facilitate mechanical loading and unloading and transportation, so as to meet the requirements of loading and unloading, transportation and storage.

一、托盘的载重质量

I。 Load Quality of Pallets

广东11选5每个托盘的载重质量应小于或等于2吨。为了保证运输途中的安全,所载货物的重心高度,不应超过托盘宽度的三分之二。

广东11选5The weight of each pallet shall be less than or equal to 2 tons. In order to ensure safety in transit, the weight of the goods should not exceed two-thirds of the width of the pallet.

二、托盘货物的码放方式

2。 The Placing Method of Pallet Goods

根据货物的类型、托盘所载货物的质量和托盘的尺寸,合理确定货物在托盘上的码放方式。托盘的承载表面积利用率一般应不低于80%。对于托盘货物的码放有如下要求:

According to the type of the goods, the quality of the goods on the pallet and the size of the pallet, the way of placing the goods on the pallet is reasonably determined。 The utilization ratio of the bearing surface area of pallets should generally not be less than 80%。 For pallet goods, the following requirements are required:

1、 木质、纸质和金属容器等硬质直方体货物单层或多层交错码放,拉伸或收缩膜包装;

1. Hard cuboid goods such as wood, paper and metal containers are packed in single or multiple layers of interlaced codes, stretched or shrinkable film.

2、 纸质或纤维质类货物单层货多层码放,用捆扎带十字封合。

2. Paper or fibre goods are placed in multi-storey yards and sealed with straps.

3、 密封的金属容器等圆柱体货物单层或多层码放,木质货盖加固。

3。 Sealed metal containers and other cylindrical goods are placed in single or multi-storey yards, and wooden cargo covers are reinforced。

广东11选54、 需进行防潮、防水等防护的纸制品、纺织品货物单层或多层交错码放,拉伸或收缩膜包装货增加角支撑,货物盖隔板等加固结构;

4. Paper products and textile goods that need to be protected against moisture and waterproofing should be placed in single or multi-layer staggered yards. Stretching or shrinking film packaging should be strengthened with angular support and cargo cover and partition.

5、 易碎类货物单程或多层码放,增加木质支撑隔板结构

5. One-way or multi-storey yarding of fragile goods, adding wooden supporting partition structure

6、 金属瓶类圆柱体容器或货物单层垂直码放,增加货框及板条加固结构;

6. Cylindrical containers of metal bottles or goods are placed vertically on a single layer, and reinforced structures of cargo frames and slabs are added.

7、 袋类货物多层交错压实码放。

7。 Multilayer staggered compaction yard for bags。

广东11选5三、托盘承载货物的固定方式

3. The Fixed Way of Pallet Bearing Goods

托盘承载的货物进行固定方式主要有捆扎、胶合束缚、拉伸包装,并可相互配合使用。

The main ways of fixing the goods carried by pallets are binding, gluing and binding, stretching and packaging, and they can be used in conjunction with each other.

四、托盘承载货物防护与加固

4. Protection and Reinforcement of Pallets Bearing Goods

托盘承载的货物进行固定后,仍不能满足运输要请偶的应该根据需要选择防护加固附件。加固防护附件由纸质、木质、塑料、金属或者其他材料制成。

After fixing the goods carried by pallets, they still can't meet the transportation requirements. The protective and reinforcement accessories should be selected according to the needs. Reinforcement and protection accessories are made of paper, wood, plastic, metal or other materials.

五、托盘与叉车、货架等配合使用的注意事项

5。 Matters needing attention in the use of pallets in conjunction with forklifts and shelves

1、液压车和叉车在使用托盘过程中,叉刺之间的距离应尽量放宽至托盘的进叉口外缘,进叉深度应大于整个托盘深度的2/3以上。

1。 In the process of using the pallet, the distance between the fork bars of the hydraulic truck and the forklift truck should be as wide as possible to the outer edge of the fork inlet of the pallet, and the depth of the fork inlet should be more than 2/3 of the depth of the whole pallet。

2、液压车和叉车在使用托盘运动过程中,应保持匀速度进退和上下,避免急刹、急转引起托盘受损、造成货物倒塌。

2。 Hydraulic trucks and forklift trucks should keep uniform speed in the process of tray movement, so as to avoid the damage of tray caused by sudden braking and sudden turning and the collapse of goods。

3、托盘上货架时,应保持托盘在货架横梁上地平稳放置,托盘长度应大于货架横梁外径50mm以上。冷库中或是高强度使用环境时适合选用哪种塑料托盘? 正负40℃,不能用聚丙烯做的 聚丙烯这种材料不能抗低温。如果您在冷库中托盘需要上货架的话 最好选用双面托盘, 货没有这么重可以选择田字的或者川字托盘 。另:在低温环境下使用,实践证明,改性聚丙烯可以完全胜任。改性聚丙烯为聚乙烯与聚丙烯的高温不完全聚合产物。他兼具了聚乙烯的任性,聚丙烯的耐低温,物理性质稳定,抗磨耐摔。大型化工企业,低温冷库等环境一般建议使用该种材料。

3。 When the pallet is on the shelf, the pallet should be placed steadily on the cross beam of the shelf, and the pallet length should be greater than the outer diameter of the cross beam of the shelf more than 50 mm。 Which kind of plastic tray is suitable for cold storage or high strength environment? Polypropylene, which can not be made of polypropylene, can not resist low temperature。 If you need pallets on the shelf in cold storage, you'd better choose double-sided pallets。 If the goods are not so heavy, you can choose Tian or Sichuan pallets。 In addition, the modified polypropylene can be used in low temperature environment, and the practice proves that the modified polypropylene can be fully qualified。 Modified polypropylene is a product of incomplete polymerization of polyethylene and polypropylene at high temperature。 It combines the waywardness of polyethylene, low temperature resistance of polypropylene, stable physical properties, wear resistance and fall resistance。 It is generally recommended to use this material in large chemical enterprises, low temperature cold storage and other environments。

可以采用低压高密度聚乙烯生产的塑料托盘,纯原料生产的塑料托盘可以耐受零下30℃的低温。目前,采用挤出--吹塑一次成型的高强度吹塑托盘,一般均会采用HMWHDPE塑料进行吹塑成型,其重均分子量达到35~40万左右;这种塑料原料具有对环境温度的超强适应能力,可以在-40~40℃环境中稳定使用,是目前需要高强度使用环境的首选塑料托盘,由于这种高强度吹塑托盘选择的塑料原料成本高,加工过程技术难度较高,产品的使用寿命特别长,可以达到5~10年。虽然一次购买时价格会较高,但是综合使用成本确是较低的。需要高强度使用时,可以选择这种高强度的吹塑托盘。

Plastic pallets made of low-pressure high-density polyethylene can be used. Plastic pallets made from pure raw materials can withstand the low temperature of minus 30 C. At present, HMWHDPE plastics are generally used to blow moulding high strength blow moulding pallets by extrusion-blow moulding at one time, and their average molecular weight is about 350,000-400,000. This kind of plastic raw material has super adaptability to environmental temperature and can be used stably in the environment of - 40-40 C. It is the preferred plastic pallet for high strength use environment at present, because of its high strength. Blow moulding tray has high cost of plastic raw materials, high technical difficulty in processing, and long service life of products, which can reach 5 to 10 years. Although the price of a purchase will be higher, but the cost of comprehensive use is indeed lower. When high strength is needed, this kind of high strength blow moulding tray can be selected.

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