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  • 有害垃圾危害大,养成习惯很重要!
  • 本站编辑:杭州宏展塑料有限公司发布日期:2019-05-13 16:31 浏览次数:

什么是有害垃圾及危害

What is harmful garbage and its harm

有害垃圾是指对人体健康或者自然环境造成直接或者潜在危害的废弃物,主要包括废电池、废灯管、废药品、废油漆及其容器等。它们需要被投放到专用收集的有害垃圾桶容器中,千万不能随意丢弃。就废弃灯管来说,据相关媒体介绍,现行工艺制作的节能灯中大都含有化学元素汞,一只普通节能灯约含有0.5毫克汞,如果1毫克汞渗入地下,就会造成360吨的水污染。汞也会以蒸气的形式进入大气,一旦空气中的汞含量超标,会对人体造成危害,长期接触过量汞可造成中毒。水俣病就是慢性汞中毒比较典型的公害病之一。所以有害垃圾危害大,请投有害垃圾桶集中处置。

Hazardous waste refers to the waste that causes direct or potential harm to human health or natural environment, mainly including waste batteries, waste lamps, waste drugs, waste paint and containers. They need to be put into special collection of hazardous trash can containers, must not be discarded at will. As far as the abandoned lamp tubes are concerned, according to the relevant media, most of the energy-saving lamps produced by the current process contain chemical element mercury. A common energy-saving lamp contains about 0.5 mg of mercury. If 1 mg of mercury seeps into the ground, 360 tons of water pollution will be caused. Mercury also enters the atmosphere in the form of vapor. Once the mercury content in the air exceeds the standard, it will cause harm to the human body. Long-term exposure to excessive mercury can cause poisoning. Minamata disease is one of the most typical public hazards of chronic mercury poisoning. So the harmful garbage is harmful. Please put the harmful garbage bin into centralized disposal.

电池对人体的危害:一节一号电池烂在地里,能使1平方米的土壤永久失去利用价值;一粒纽扣电池可使600吨水受到污染,相当于一个人一生的饮水量。在对自然环境威胁比较大的几种物质中,电池里就包含了汞、铅、镉等多种,若将废旧电池混入生活垃圾一起填埋,或者随手丢弃,渗出的汞及重金属物质就会渗透于土壤、污染地下水,进而进入鱼类、农作物中,破坏人类的生存环境,间接威胁到人类的健康。

Battery's harm to human body: A No. 1 battery rots in the ground, which can make 1 square meter of soil lose its use value permanently; a button battery can pollute 600 tons of water, equivalent to a person's lifetime drinking water. Among the most threatening substances to the natural environment, batteries contain mercury, lead, cadmium and so on. If waste batteries are mixed with domestic waste, or discarded casually, mercury and heavy metals will permeate into soil, pollute groundwater, and then enter fish and crops, destroy human living environment, and indirectly threaten human health.

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有害垃圾是如何收运和处置的?

How is hazardous waste collected, transported and disposed of?

有害垃圾实行定期或预约收运。我们居民小区产生的有害垃圾投入到有害垃圾桶收集后,由所在区域生活垃圾清运单位或所在区绿化市容管理部门指定的具备条件的作业单位负责收运,通过专用的收集车将其运输到区级中转点存放,积存满量后,由区中转点管理单位(或区市场监管部门)预约市绿化市容局确定的专业收运企业进行统一运输、分拣贮存,比较终根据危险废物类别交由有相应危废经营许可资质的单位进行无害化处置(如下图所示)。目前杭州市各区都已经建设了有害垃圾集中分拣点。

Harmful garbage should be collected and transported regularly or by appointment. Hazardous garbage generated by our residential area is put into the hazardous garbage bin for collection and transportation, and it is collected and transported by the local domestic garbage clearing and transporting unit or the qualified operation unit designated by the green city appearance management department of the district. It is transported to the district-level transit point for storage by the special collection vehicle. After a certain amount of the garbage is accumulated, it is pre-empted by the district transit point management unit (or the district market supervision department). The specialized collection and transportation enterprises determined by the Greening Municipal Appearance Bureau of Yushi City carry out unified transportation, sorting and storage, and eventually, according to the types of hazardous waste, they are handed over to the units with the corresponding qualifications for hazardous waste management license for harmless disposal (as shown in the figure below). At present, centralized sorting points for hazardous waste have been built in all districts of Hangzhou.

就过期药品而言,大多数药品过期后容易分解、蒸发,散发出有毒气体,造成室内环境污染,严重时还会对人体呼吸道产生危害。过期药品若是随意丢弃,会造成空气、土壤和水源环境的污染。一旦流入不法商贩之手,就会流转回市场,造成更严重的后果。所以,现在大家知道了,有害垃圾千万不能乱扔,要收集起来投放到有害垃圾收集容器里!

As far as expired drugs are concerned, most of them are easy to decompose and evaporate after expiration, emit toxic gases, cause indoor environmental pollution, and even cause harm to human respiratory tract when they are serious. If overdue medicines are discarded at will, they will pollute the air, soil and water environment. Once it flows into the hands of illegal traders, it will flow back to the market, resulting in more serious consequences. So, as you all know now, harmful garbage must not be thrown away, it must be collected and put into harmful garbage collection containers!

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